Whether in number of trips or in distance, the mode of transport most often used in Belgium remains the personal car, according to a vast survey conducted in 2017 with 10,632 people by the FPS Mobility and Transport and Vias Institute.
In terms of the number of trips, the car alone accounts for 61% of trips, compared to 14% for walking, 12% for cycling and 11% for public transport (train, metro, tram or bus).
However, in comparison with previous surveys conducted in 2001 and 2012, there has been a decrease. In 2012, 65% of trips were made by car. This decrease is mainly thanks to the use of the bike, which accounted in 2017 for 12% of trips compared to 8% in 2012, and for public transport (from 9% in 2012 to 11% in 2017).
Walking is less practiced (14% of trips in 2017 compared to 16% in 2012).
Significant differences in behavior are found between the three regions of the country. In Brussels, the car is used by a minority (46%), while public transport and walking are each chosen for 24% of trips. In Flanders, the share of cycling remains remarkable compared to other regions (18% of trips compared to 4% in Brussels and 2% in Wallonia). It is in Wallonia that the car is most used (73% of trips).